Alexander The Great


Alexander The Great
(356–323 BC)
   King of Macedon and conqueror of the Persian Empire, including Egypt. Son of King Philip of Macedon and Olympias of Epirus. Alexander succeeded to the Macedonian throne upon the assassination of his father in 336 BC and in 334 BC embarked on the conquest of Persia. In 332 BC, his army entered Egypt, whose satrap surrendered peacefully. Alexander assumed the status of an Egyptian ruler and visited the Siwa Oasis, where he received an oracular pronouncement, later believed to indicate that he was the son of a god. He indicated the position of a new city to be built on the coast and namedAlexandriaafter himself. He left Egypt in 331 BC to continue his conquests elsewhere, arranging for the country to be divided under various officials, the chief of whom was Cleomenes, the chief financial officer. Alexander died in Babylon in 323 BC upon his return from India. Hismummifiedbody was eventually buried in a special mausoleum in Alexandria, where it remained on display until at least the 3rd century AD.
   See also Alexander II; Philiparrhidaeus; Ptolemy I Soter.
Historical Dictionary Of Ancient Egypt by Morris L. Bierbrier

Ancient Egypt. A Reference Guide. . 2011.

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